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科技论文写作指导文章中的必读经典(含全文下载链接)

科技论文读起来往往晦涩难懂,这主要是因为科学的严谨性,已经数据和分析的复杂性和专业性,但是所有科技论文作者的目标就是要让读者理解其表达的意思,这就需要作者有一定的清晰写作逻辑及修辞上的一些非常有效的方式。如何以清晰简明又不失重点的科学写作?来自美国杜克大学英文写作中心主任George D. Gopen及生物化学博士Judith A. Swan 的经典文章《The Science of Scientific Writing》将为作者指点迷津,全篇内容丰富,适合作者反复阅读,是科技论文写作指导文章中的必读之作,查尔斯沃思为大家开辟下载完整正版通道,希望对作者的英文科技论文写作有启发有帮助。


全文导读

 

  • Writing with the Reader in Mind: Expectation and Context
  • Reader Expectations for the Structure of Prose
  • Information is interpreted more easily and more uniformly if it is placed where most readers expect to find it.
  • Beginning with the exciting material and ending with a lack of luster often leaves us disappointed and destroys our sense of momentum.
  • We cannot succeed in making even a single sentence mean one and only one thing; we can only increase the odds that a large majority of readers will tend to interpret our discourse according to our intentions.

  • The information that begins a sentence establishes for the reader a perspective for viewing the sentence as a unit.
  • In our experience, the misplacement of old and new information turns out to be he No.1 problem in American professional writing today.
  • Put in the topic position the old information that links backward; put in the stress position the new information you want the reader to emphasize.
  • As critical scientific readers, we would like to concentrate our energy on whether the experiments prove the hypotheses.
  • It may seem obvious that a scientific document is incomplete without the interpretation of the writer;it may not be so obvious that the document cannot "exist" without the interpretation of each reader.

 

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