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学术论文摘要这么写才靠谱

摘要的质量可影响编辑的决定,现在很多期刊在决定是否接收一篇论文时,摘要甚至起到了决定作用。但很遗憾,许多作者是在匆忙中写出的摘要,摘要写作的要点并没有好好把握。查尔斯沃思作者服务认为摘要应该作为一个“standalone” 的部分撰写,且包含非常清晰及准确的全文信息,为什么要做这项研究?为此你做了什么?你发现了什么?你得出什么结论?

查尔斯沃思英国编辑认为高质量的摘要应是:

-Honest and precise
-Can stand alone (search engines, sometimes all people read)
-No technical jargon
-Short and specific
-Cites no references


我们提供给作者一个摘要的结构,希望帮助作者组织思路:

 


Background Abstract

 

Glossina Jitscipes juscipes is the major vector of human African
trypanosomiasis, commonly referred to as sleeping sickness, in Uganda. In
western and casicm Africa ihc disease has distinct clinical manifcsiaclons and is caused by two different parasites:  Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense
and  T. b. gambiense. Uganda is exceptional in that it harbors both parasites,
which arc separated by a nanow 160-km belt. This separation is puzzling
considering there arc no restrictions on the movement of people and animals
across this region.

 

Methodology/Principal Findings Abstract

 

We investigated whether genetic heterogeneity  of G .f. Juscipes vector
populations can provide an explanation for this disjunct distribution of the
Trypanosoma parasites. Therefore, we examined genetic structuring of  G .f.
fuscipes populations across Uganda using newly developed microsaccllitc
markers, as well as mtDNA. Our data show that  G .f. fuscipes populations
arc highly structured, with two clearly defined clusters that arc separated by
Lake Kyoga, located in central Uganda. Interestingly, we did not find a
coirclation between genetic heterogeneity and the type of  Trypanosoma
parasite transmitted.

 

Conclusions/Signifkance Abstract

 

This lack of a correlation between genetic structuring  of G .f. fuscipes
populations and ihc distribution of  T. b. gambiense and  T. b. rhodesiense
indicaccs (hat it is unlikely that genetic heterogeneity of  G .f. fuscipes
populations explains the disjunct distribution of the parasites. These results
have important epidemiological implications, suggesting that a fusion of the
two disease distributions is unlikely to be prevented by an incompatibility
between vector populations and parasite

 

我们知道许多研究者通过一些学术搜索引擎来查找论文信息,其算法机制都是一样的,在搜索引擎看来论文标题与搜索词的相关度是第一重要的,其次是摘要中出现的搜索词,因此作者也应该在摘要中布局好关键词或短语,最好集中在3-4个不同的关键词词组中。

 


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